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[Conférence en ligne] Populist radical right parties in Europe and Latin America » par Lisa ZANOTTI ANDERLONI

17 mars 2022 @ 14 h 00 min 16 h 00 min

Résumé : Undoubtedly, populist radical right parties (PRRs) represent the largest family of populist parties in Europe and beyond. The three core ideologies of the PRR are nativism, authoritarianism, and populism (Mudde 2007). While nativism is a mix of xenophobia and nationalism, authoritarianism is conceived as the belief in a strictly ordered society in which any breach to this order must be severely punished. Finally, populism argues that society is divided into two opposite and morally defined groups: the pure people and the corrupt elite. In Western Europe, the emergence and success of the populist radical right is the consequence of a sort of silent counter-revolution in opposition to post-material values (Inglehart 1977; Ignazi 1992), an area where traditional parties have converged in the past few decades. On the contrary, due to the high levels of inequality in the region, in several Latin American countries, material values are still of vital importance representing a structural constraint for the emergence of the PRR. This is patent when we look at the examples of PRR in the region, which are quite limited in number. However, it also true that some PRR leaders have managed to emerge e.g., Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil, José Antonio Kast in Chile, and Nayib Bukele in El Salvador. In this talk, I analyze the structural constraints that the PRR faces in Latin America. Moreover, by looking at the successful actors in the regions. I try to give some insights on possible strategies for the PRR to overcome the hostile structural contexts that the region offers.

Lisa Zanotti is a postdoctoral researcher at Diego Portales University, Santiago de Chile, and an associate researcher at the Centre for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies (COES).

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